Arable farmland

Arable farmland refers to fields that are used to grow crops. No less than 70% of England is farmland and a fifth of this is cultivated, so arable fields provide a sizable habitat for plants and animals. In spring and summer flowers are an essential source of nectar and pollen for bees, butterflies and other pollinating insects. In winter seeds from plants such as black mustard, fat hen and annual meadow grass are food for birds and small mammals. In turn, there are predators that feed on these creatures. So by encouraging arable plants on cultivated land, the entire food web of farmland wildlife is supported and thrives