Broad-leaved cudweed Filago pyramidata

Status Red - Endangered & Critically Endangered
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An attractive, silvery-green plant that holds heads of tiny hidden flowers on the tops of short stems.

With a hand lens, the flower heads appear to comprise of a cluster of tiny pyramids of grey scales. It is often confused with common cudweed.


Its numbers have declined dramatically in the last 60 years, and there are now only 8 sites, all in south-east England. Scrub clearance and general habitat restoration, are, however, helping to increase numbers at some sites.


Poor arable fields, usually on chalky or sandy soils.


Classified as Endangered and protected under Schedule 8 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981.

Key threats

The use of fertilisers and herbicides, loss of hedgerows and field margins and the development of highly productive crop varieties.