Butterwort (Common) Pinguicula vulgaris

Status Green - Least concern
Best Time to See May, June, July
Colour Blue, Purple
Habitat Heathland

The striking triangular leaves, with their rolled edges, appear in a star pattern at the base of this pretty flower.

The deep violet-blue flowers are particularly interesting for their pointy, funnel shape.


Widespread in Scotland and Wales and also found towards the north of England; rare in the south of England.


Likes damp, nutrient poor sites such as bogs, fens, wet heaths and crevices in rocks.

Did you know?

Otherwise known as Bog violet or Marsh violet.

It has been considered a magical plant in the Scottish islands. On the Hebridean island of Colonsay for instance if you picked Butterwort, it protected you from witches whilst if your cows had eaten it, they were safe from elf-arrows.

The leaves have also been used in the north to steep in milk and to curdle or thicken it it. However, the name derives not from the curdling but from the fact that the plant is a protector of milk and butter, and has been used to rub on cow's udders like the Buttercup.