Evergreen oak (holm oak) Quercus ilex

Status Non-native, invasive
Best Time to See

A non-native invasive plant.

A very popular, large tree frequently planted in parks, churchyards and large gardens. Unlike the native oak it is evergreen and has shiny, dark green leaves that are slightly toothed like holly. Evergreen oak is now regenerating freely in the wild in parts of south and east England.

What's the problem?

It has become established in a range of important botanical sites particularly on dry limestone and chalk sites in coastal Britain, where it’s large, evergreen canopy shades out native vegetation. It has also become a problem within some heathland areas. Control can be difficult because huge quantities of seed are produced which germinate readily

Rapid Risk Assessment

***** Critical Risk

Plantlife's position

This is a species that Plantlife believes should be listed on Schedule 9 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act in England and Wales.