Flamingo moss Tortula cernua

Status Amber - Vulnerable and Near-Threatened
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This moss has distinctive spore bearing structures that look a little like a flamingo’s head.


It now appears to be limited to seven sites in Yorkshire and Derbyshire.


Lime-rich places, often on the older worked parts of limestone quarries.


It is protected under Schedule 8 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981.

A research programme, sponsored by Lafarge Aggregates, is currently underway to further understand the ecology and management requirements of this species.

Key threats

It is threatened by habitat destruction through the reworking or infilling and landscaping of quarries, and also by scrub encroachment.