Selfheal Prunella vulgaris

Status Green - Least concern
Best Time to See June, July, August, September
Colour Blue, Purple
Habitat Woodland, Grassland

'I wanted to teach him the names of flowers, Self-heal and centaury' - Michael Longley, "Self-heal"

A quirky violet-blue wildflower with a squarish, compact head on short erect stems.

Its leaves are hairy, stalked, scarcely toothed, often purple tinged and oval to diamond-shaped. The plant often forms a mat.


Found throughout the UK.


Grassland, wood clearings, rough ground, lawns.

Best time to see

Flowers from June to September

Did you know...

As its name suggests, selfheal was traditionally used in herbal remedies - particularly for sore throats. For this reason it was named Brunella, or Prunella, from Braune, the German for quinsy.

The rounded middle tooth of the upper lip of the calyx looks like a hook and was taken as the signature of a vulnerary (wound-healing) herb.