Shore dock Rumex rupestris

Status Red - Endangered & Critically Endangered
Best Time to See
Habitat Coastal

A dock with greyish leaves and tiny green or reddish-brown flowers in whorls spread out up the stem.


It grows on the west coasts of Wales and southern England. Although still very rare, some new sites were recently discovered during a search of coastal cliffs.


Upper shores or in wet hollows in sand dunes.


Classified as Endangered, it is protected under Schedule 8 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981.

Key threats

Loss of habitat due to tourism and sea defences, increased storminess of the sea and sea-level rise, and being smothered by invasive plants, particularly the succulent pink-flowered Hottentot-fig from southern Africa.