Great Orme's Head / Pen y Gogarth IPA

Location: Dominates the town of Llandudno on the North Wales coast. Reached by the A470.

Grid Reference: SH 768 835

Great Orme's Head IPA has been recognised as one of 165 Important Plant Areas in the UK.

The key features of this IPA are:

  • The species richness of vascular plants on dry calcareous (limestone) grassland
  • The species richness of vascular plants on rock cliffs, ledges and shores
  • One of the best UK examples of threatened habitats of:
    Semi-natural calcareous grasslands, sometimes with scrub;
    Dry heaths
  • The large limestone headland of the Great Orme's Head is an environment little changed since the last Ice Age, and its rich flora still retains its arctic character.

    It is said to be the finest example of limestone heath in the UK and the shallow soil supports many botanical rarities.

    It is the only known site of the critically endangered wild cotoneaster.