Land's End IPA

Location: The south westerly tip of the UK, 9 miles west of Penzance. Land's End lies at the end of the A30.

Grid Reference: SW 345 250


Land's End IPA has been recognised as one of 165 Important Plant Areas in the UK.

The key features of this IPA are:

  • The species richness of lichens on rock cliffs, ledges and shore, including the supralittoral: coastal rocks and temperate shrub heath: coastal rocks
  • The magnificent cliffs and slopes of Land’s End are of national significance. The geological formation of the cliffs combined with the remains of past mining industry have created an ideal habitat for rare lichens.

    Heather and bell heather, western gorse and cross-leaved heath are abundant on the heathland. Rare species such as the perennial centaury and early meadow grass together with the hairy bird’s-foot-trefoil and yellow bartsia have been recorded in the area.

    Lower plants such as the rare liverwort Fossombronia angulosa and the lichen Teloschistes flavicans are found in Porthgwarra area.

    Further east at Treen Cliff, although the maritime heathland with this associated flora persist, rare species such as the western clover have been recorded. The maritime grassland occurs in steeper slopes and supports red fescue, spring squill, wild carrot, kidney vetch and sea plantain as well as the rare hare’s foot clover, hairy bird’s-foot-trefoil and bird’s-foot fenugreek.

    Image: Land's End © Jakemete under CC BY 3.0