Lleyn Sea Cliffs IPA

Location: The coast of the Lleyn Peninsula in north west Wales, to the north and west of the A499/497.

Grid Reference: SH 217 257


Lleyn Sea Cliffs IPA has been recognised as one of 165 Important Plant Areas in the UK.

The key features of this IPA are:

  • The species richness of lichens on rock cliffs, ledges and shores
  • The species richness of lichens in temperate shrub heath

    The mountains of the Lleyn Peninsula fall sheer into the sea, broken by wide bays and rocky coves. Habitats range from coastal dune and sand habitats to rock cliffs, ledges and shores giving home to a variety of flowering plants. The Lleyn Peninsula is the only British mainland location where the spotted rock-rose can be found. The area provides a suitable habitat for lichens, and the cliffs and heaths around Aberdaron are one of the few sites in the UK where the ciliate strap lichen and the strikingly bright golden hair lichen can be found.
    Bardsey Island at its tip, similarly rocky with crags and low cliffs, is home to many beautiful and in some instances rare species including lichens, liverworts and mosses.
  • Image: Lleyn Sea Cliffs© jonbgem under CC BY-NC 2.0