Bird's-foot trefoil Lotus corniculatus

Status Green - Least concern
Best Time to See May, June, July, August, September
Colour Yellow
Habitat Grassland

Also known as 'eggs and bacon' because of the yellow and orange hue of the pea-like flowers.

Although disagreeable to humans, bird's-foot trefoil is an important source of food for other creatures. Pollinating insects find it a perfect source of nectar and it is used as a forage plant for livestock. The 'bird's-foot' of its name refers to the shape of its seed pods.

Deep yellow flowers in clusters are often red-tinged. Leaves with 5 narrowly oval leaflets, the lower 2 bent back by the stem so that the leaves appear trefoil (3-lobed).


Found across the UK.


Meadows, roadsides and other grassland areas.

Best time to see

When it blooms, usually between May and September.

Did you know?

The Victorian's used flowers as a code to express hidden emotions. Some symbols of this "language of flowers" are still with us - for example, red roses are a well known emblem of true love. Bird's-foot trefoil, however, was one of the few to denote darker thoughts: it symbolised revenge.

One of the more evocative names is 'Granny's Toenails' which gives an instant impression of its claw-like seed pods.