Chamomile Chamaemelum nobile
|Status||Amber - Vulnerable and Near-Threatened|
|Best Time to See||June, July|
A small, attractive, creeping plant with daisy-like flowers and feathery leaves which have a fresh apple scent when crushed.
It used to be fairly common in Britain, but it is now only found in a few areas of southern England, notably the south-west and the New Forest.
500 years ago it was used for lawns, and it still prefers mown or grazed grassland in open places, such as sandy heaths, cricket pitches, coastal cliff-tops or open glades in light woodland.
Best time to see
Flowers June to July
Classified as Vulnerable and is therefore considered to be facing a high risk of extinction in the wild.
The clearance of heaths, drainage of winter-wet grasslands, loss of pastures to arable fields, and decline of grazing on commons.
Did you know?
The chamomile flowers used commercially for tea, shampoo and poultices are mainly from the double variety flore-pleno. However, flowers from the wild variety are almost as good. Tea can be made from the fresh or dried flower heads.
Grow Wild info
Preferred site: Easily grown in both sun and shade.
Position in garden: Easily grown on moderately fertile acid soils, but will not stand excessive competition from adjacent plants. Chamomile will not tolerate heavy shade. Plants can be tried in lawns.
How and when to plant: Plant as young container-grown plants in autumn or spring into well cultivated ground. Dig in organic matter such as garden compost if the ground is especially poor, and water newly established plants if conditions are dry.
Propagation: Best propagated from semi-ripe cuttings, about 2 to 3 inches long (i.e. with firm base but soft top growth), taken in mid to late summer, and inserted into good moist soil in a semi-shade spot in the garden, or into a heated propagator. Rooting takes between 8 weeks to 8 months, depending on temperature.