Dog-violet (Common) Viola riviniana

Status Green - Least concern
Best Time to See April, May, June
Colour Purple
Habitat Woodland, Grassland, Upland

'Welcome Maids of Honour, You doe bring In the Spring; And wait upon her' - Robert Herrick, "To Violets"

County flower of Lincolnshire.

The most common wild violet in the UK, it has distinctive bluish-purple petals, leafy stems and heart-shaped leaves. The flowers have a pale spur. In Irish they are salchuach, 'cuckoo's heel', from this spur of the flower.


Common throughout the UK.


Woods and hedgebanks, but also pastures and mountain rocks.

Best time to see

Flowers from April to June

Did you know...

‘Dog' means it lacks scent, as opposed to ‘sweet' violet. Dog, like Horse, is a common English prefix for distinguishing an inferior species from its superior relative.

Local names include Blue mice, Cuckoo's shoe and Shoes and stockings.