Come and be part of a global voice for wild plants and fungi
This autumn, help us find the Britain’s most colourful and important fungi – waxcaps.
Plantlife’s Big Give Christmas Challenge 28 Nov- 5 Dec, make a positive impact in protecting remarkable lichens.
Go the extra mile and run wild for Plantlife
Become a Plantlife member today and together we will rebuild a world rich in plants and fungi
Number of IPAs: 13
Tunisia is located in North Africa at the junction of the two basins that make up the Mediterranean, between the Mashreq (the Arab East) and the Maghreb (the Arab West).The majority of IPAs are located in the north of the country. Most are characterized by a subhumid to humid Mediterranean climate. 10 of them have an average elevation below or around 500m, whereas three (Jbel Zaghouan, Jbel Ghorra, Aïn Zana) are in mountainous regions.
Wetland environments are well represented as they make up more than half the IPAs, in the form of permanent lakes (Ichkeul), semi-permanent lakes (Majen Chitane, Majen Choucha, etc.), temporary pools (Garâa Sejenane, Majen el Ma, Sraï el Majen, etc.), marshes (Ichkeul), and peat bogs based on Sphagnum or Osmunda (Kroumirie) or bracken (Dar el Orbi).
The Tunisian IPAs are also representative of the main forest and coastal habitat types of Tunisia. Coastal flora is represented on 3 IPAs; the La Galite Archipelago and the Zembra and Zembretta National Park, both rich in rare species and species endemic to Tunisia or North Africa, and Sidi Ali el Mekki. All 3 are particularly rich in endemics. 6 Tunisian IPAs contain national endemic or stenoendemic plant species.
Half of Tunisia’s IPAs lie fully or partly inside protected areas, namely the three national parks, three Ramsar sites, two biosphere reserves and four natural reserves. Of the 13 IPAs, 6 contain national endemics and 6 have species with restricted ranges, none contain more than 20 national endemics or stenoendemics.
The main threat to Tunisia’s IPAs is overgrazing, followed by climate change (causing wetlands to dry out), the pressure of tourism and leisure activities and fire. Drainage and water extraction are a specific threat to wetland IPAs.
Toujane IPA, Tunisia
Ichkeu IPA, Tunisia
Mejen Chitan Dar El Orbi IPA, Tunisia
Tunisia available on pages 31-35
We will keep you updated by email about our work, news, campaigning, appeals and ways to get involved. We will never share your details and you can opt out at any time. Read our Privacy Notice.