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Bluebell

Hyacinthoides non-scripta

Months

Season

Colour

Habitat

Bluebell close-up.

Its bell-like flowers with up-rolled tips carpet forest floors in the spring and its distinctive scent attracts bees beneath the trees.

The UK is home to about half of the world’s bluebell population. Perhaps its no surprise, then, that they are so popular here: when Plantlife asked the British public to vote for the “Nation’s Favourite Wildflower” it won by a significant margin both in England and the UK as a whole (Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland opted for the Primrose (Primula vulgaris) instead.

Where to find Bluebell

Generally found in shady habitats, but also in more open ones in the damper west. It is associated with woodlands, also grows in hedgerows and grassland. Bluebells are woodland plants but, except perhaps in East Anglia, they do not need woods as much as humidity and continuity of habitat.

How’s it doing?

Although still common in Britain, bluebells are threatened locally by habitat destruction, collection from the wild, and from the escape of the Spanish bluebell from gardens and subsequent cross-breeding and loss of true native populations. The latter is a particular concern – during a survey around one in six bluebells found in broad-leaved woodland was a Spanish rather than native bluebell.

Bluebells are now protected from illegal commercial harvesting.

A bluebell wood

Did you know?

  • In the Language of Flowers it symbolises everlasting love.
  • Its root sap was used to glue feathers onto arrows in the Middle Ages and to stiffen ruffs in Tudor times.
  • It is dedicated to England’s Patron Saint, St George.
  • Vernacular names include Granfer Griggles and Cra’tae, i.e. crow’s toes.
  • According to Richard Mabey (1996) “The traditional ‘non-script’ – meaning ‘unlettered’ – portion of the name is to distinguish the British hyacinth from the classical hyacinth, a mythical flower sprung from the blood of the dying prince Hyacinthus, on whose petals Apollo inscribed the letters AI AI – ‘alas’ – to express his grief.”
  • Bluebells flower in colours ranging from white (quite common), through to grey, pale blue, lilac to dark cobalt.

Other Species

Field Pansy

Field Pansy

Viola arvensis

Bramble

Bramble

Rubus fruticosus

Bastard Balm

Bastard Balm

Melittis melissophyllum